publications

Archive of the journal (articles and metadata)

inicijal-5-naslovnica

ИНИЦИЈАЛ. ЧАСОПИС ЗА СРЕДЊОВЕКОВНЕ СТУДИЈЕ 5 (2017)
INITIAL. A REVIEW OF MEDIEVAL STUDIES 5 (2017) 


Стиляна Баталова

Кирило-Методиевски научен център – БАН (България)

БЪЛГАРИТЕ В MARE HISTORIARUM НА ДОМИНИКАНЕЦА ДЖОВАНИ КОЛОНА (1298–1343/4) 

Stilyana Batalova

Cyrillo-Methodian Research Centre of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Bulgaria)

BULGARIANS IN THE WORK MARE HISTORIARUM BY DOMINICAN GIOVANNI COLONNA (1298–1343/4) 

Page Range: 9–40

DOI: 10.29341/IN.05.0.009040

Abstract: This paper brings, for the first time, eleven fragments of the historical compendium Mare Historiarum by Giovanni Colonna, which interpret news about Bulgarian history according to digitised manuscripts from the National Library of France in Paris – Par. lat. 4914 (year 1381) and Par. lat. 4915 (years 1448–1449). Following a comparative method, the study describes the manner of work and indicates probable sources of Giovanni Colonna, some of which have remained unnoticed in the few hitherto publications about Mare Historiarum. Having analysed the relevant material, the author concludes that Giovanni Colonna significantly expanded his base of sources compared to his predecessors Sigebert of Gembloux and particularly Vincent of Beauvais, leaving thus a durable trace in historical work within the Dominican Order. Illustrative of the latter claim are the excerpts for Bulgarian history, cited in Summa Historialis by Antoninus Florentinus.

Keywords: Bulgarians; Giovanni Colonna; Mare Historiarum; medieval Latin chronicles; Dominican historiography.


Massimo Alessandro Bianchi

ricercatore independente (Italia)

L’ICONOGRAFIA DELLA PIETÀ DI CRISTO COME SIMBOLO DI UNA NUOVA SENSIBILITÀ ESTETICA 

Massimo Alessandro Bianchi

independent researcher (Italy)

ICONOGRAPHY OF PIETÀ OF CHRIST AS THE SYMBOL OF A NEW AESTHETIC SENSIBILITY 

Page Range: 41–62

DOI: 10.29341/IN.05.0.041062

Abstract: In the Duchy of Candia, Cyprus and the Ionian Islands, the Serenissima introduced at various levels an idea of worship and social relations, also in the juridical field, which directly involved the very conception of the profession of an iconographer. In the regions under its rule, unlike what happened in the areas occupied by the Ottomans, from that moment on, it was no longer spoken only of artisans who worked in anonymity. The artist, as it had long been the case in the West, now signed his own icons, concluded apprenticeship contracts, founded workshops, and labelled his products in an open production system based on free competition. In such an eclectic climate, new techniques began to be used for religious images, aimed at obtaining a more dialogic approach. These images were not only reproductions, but their role was also to convince the viewer by mediating the presence of what they represented, thus leading to the birth of a new image rhetoric. At this point it is possible to understand better the renewed iconography of the Pietà and Lamentation, as the key words of liturgical literature. The reference of the depiction was not directed only to the compassion the observer felt in seeing the dead Christ and the weeping Mother, but also to the pity that he, seeking his own salvation, hoped to receive from the Saviour. The mystical contemplation of the countries of the North introduced some well-known symbols in these territories, among which we find the prayer to receive the body of Crucified Christ in Mary’s lap, well exemplified by the 14th century images of Vesperbild, or Vespers, originating from German-speaking Central European regions. This new variant, distinguished by a fresher expressive and narrative approach, aimed to accentuate the pietistic feeling combined with a new way of experiencing religiosity, and attributing a greater expressive value to the gesture of showing, which thus assumed the double meaning of invitation and demonstration: an invitation to watch and demonstration by watching.

Keywords: Pietà; Nikolaos Tzafouris; Andreas Pavias; Crete; Vesperbild; Ritzos; Epitaphios Threnos; Heptanesos; Rossano Calabro.


Аранђел Смиљанић

Универзитет у Бањој Луци, Филозофски факултет, Студијски програм за историју (Босна и Херцеговина)

ИСПРАВКЕ И ДОПУНЕ У ДАТИРАЊУ ТРИ НАТПИСАНА СТЕЋЦИМА (ЖУПАН ОЗРЕН КОПИЈЕВИЋ,ЖУПАН ЂУРАЂ, ЖУПАН РАДАН) 

Aranđel Smiljanić

University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Philosophy, Study programme for History (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

CORRECTIONS AND SUPPLEMENTS TO THE DATING OF THREE INSCRIPTIONS ON STEĆCI (ŽUPAN OZREN KOPIJEVIĆ, ŽUPAN ĐURAĐ, ŽUPAN RADAN) 

Page Range: 63–72

DOI: 10.29341/IN.05.0.063072

Abstract: The inscription on the headstone of Ozren Kopijević, preserved in Varošište near Borač, reveals that he was a župan of knez Pavle. Wounded while fighting for his lord, he succumbed to his wounds on Christmas, and was buried by the vojvoda. Analysis of available sources indicates that this vojvoda was Petar Pavlović. Since he gained the title of vojvoda in early 1417 and lost his life in the spring of 1420, it is clear that Ozren’s death occurred on one of three Christmases between 1417 and 1419. Given that sources do not tell of any conflicts between the Pavlovićs and the Kosačas in 1417 and 1418, but there is such information for the autumn of 1419, the death of Ozren Kopijević can be dated to 25 December 1419. Earlier works placed the inscription in the period between 1416 and 1420. Another župan in the Pavlovićs’ service – Đurađ, also has an inscription on his headstone, located in Kruševo near Stolac. From it we discover that he lost his life fighting for his lord, who buried him. The name of Đurađ’s senior is not noted (only his knez title is mentioned), but it is known – based on two letters written in the spring of 1416, that it was Petar Pavlović. As he gained the vojvoda title in early 1417, and was a knez until then, it is clear that Đurađ probably lost his life in 1416, possibly in summer that year. Earlier works dated this inscription between 1416 and 1420. The third inscription concerns župan Radan from Šipovac in Podveležje. Unlike the first two, it does not record well-known historical personalities and it is therefore hard to determine its approximate date. Yet, Radan is mentioned in two sources, of 1422 and 1436, as being in the service of the Kosačas – first Sandalj Hranić and later his nephew and heir, vojvoda Stjepan Vukčić. Based on this, it can be assumed that he died in the mid-15th century. This dating is a significant improvement in comparison to the works of Ljubomir Stojanović and Marko Vego, who either failed to date the inscription or dated it rather widely to the 15th or 16th century.

Keywords: Ozren Kopijević; Varošište near Borač; Petar Pavlović; župan Đurađ; Kruševo near Stolac; Radan; Šipovac in Podveležje; Kosačas; 15th century; stećci; inscriptions; dating.


Davor Salihović

independent researcher (Croatia)

FOR A DIFFERENT CATASTROPHE: A FRUITFUL FRONTIER ON THE SOUTHERN EDGES OF THE KINGDOM OF HUNGARY AFTER 1463. AN INITIAL INQUIRY 

Давор Салиховић

независни истраживач (Хрватска)

ЗА ЈЕДНУ ДРУГАЧИЈУ КАТАСТРОФУ: ПЛОДОНОСНА ГРАНИЦА НА ЈУЖНИМ РУБОВИМА КРАЉЕВИНЕ УГАРСКЕ ПОСЛЕ 1463. ПРЕЛИМИНАРНО ИСПИТИВАЊЕ 

Page Range: 73–107

DOI: 10.29341/IN.05.0.073107

Abstract: By reassessing the sources and the present-day dominant historiographical discourse pertaining to social and political reactions to the Ottoman conquest of Bosnia and subsequent clashes in the surrounding territories, the author proposes a more complex approach to such issues by applying a modified theory and methodological background stemming from the frontier thesis. The paper suggests a diversity of experiences of the frontier established by the ultimate Ottoman-Hungarian duality as opposed to current uniform interpretations based on the notions of defense, war, exclusive enmities, the demographic, economic and generally social catastrophes and similar phenomena. By focusing on the individuals and several examples related to policies of King Matthias Corvinus, it proposes that the reactions to the Ottoman presence should not be observed heterogeneously, but that, as the examples show, the downfall of the Bosnian polity brought positive results for some members of society and, thus, a notion of variety of individual mechanisms, social practices, and political agendas should be considered when investigating the period. Ultimately, a similar theoretical framework could be applied regardless of the period or the territory in question.

Keywords: Medieval Hungary; Ottomans; Bosnia; frontier; Matthias Corvinus; exploitation.


Tsveta Kuneva

Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Art Studies

FRESCOES IN THE CHURCH OF ST. SAVIOUR (SVETI SPAS) NEAR THE MONASTERY OF CHEBREN (1532/1533) 

Цвета Кунева

Бугарска академија наука, Институт за историју уметности (Бугарска)

ФРЕСКЕ У ЦРКВИ СВЕТОГ СПАСА КОД МАНАСТИРА ЧЕБРЕН (1532/1533) 

Page Range: 109–124

DOI: 10.29341/IN.05.0.109124

Abstract: The understudied church of St. Saviour (Sveti Spas), which is part of the Chebren’s monastery complex of St. Demetrius (FYROM), dates from 1532/1533. This is witnessed by the ktetor’s inscription on the southern wall of the temple, which has not been published in whole to date. The exact dating of the church and the stylistic and iconographic analyses contribute to the clarification of the chronological framework of the activity of the studios of the Kastoria artistic circle from the last decades of the 15th century to the 1530s. The high quality of the painting of the “chief” painter who made the frescoes in the altar space and the temple’s upper register demonstrate the direct influence of the frescoes in the monastery of Treskavec. Thus, the church of St. Saviour also appears to be the latest precisely dated monument of this circle in the present stage of research of the Kastoria artistic production.

Keywords: Post-Byzantine fresco painting; 15th century; monastery of Chebren; Kastoria; vision of St. Peter of Alexandria; Imperial Deesis; warrior saints.


Невен Исаиловић

Историјски институт Београд (Србија)

ЧЕТИРИ ИСПРАВЕ О ПОСЕДИМА ХРВОЈА ВУКЧИЋА У ДУБРОВНИКУ 

Neven Isailović

Institute of History Belgrade (Serbia)

FOUR DOCUMENTS CONCERNING THE POSSESSIONSOF HRVOJE VUKČIĆ IN DUBROVNIK (RAGUSA) 

Page Range: 127–155

DOI: 10.29341/IN.05.0.127155

Abstract: The paper contains a critical edition (text, translation, description, diplomatic analysis, historical circumstances) of three Latin documents of the Cathedral Chapter of Zagreb, issued on request of Doroteja Kladuška (later Brezovička), the daughter of Balša Hercegović and granddaughter of Hrvoje Vukčić. The documents are kept in the National Archives in Dubrovnik, series Miscellanea saeculi XV, subseries Litterae scriptae dominationi Ragusii. In addition to this, the paper also contains the edition and commentary of a Cyrillic letter kept in the same archive, concerning the same matter. The main legal effect of these documents was to give authorisation to envoys to collect money from the proceeds that Doroteja was entitled to, based on the lease of her half of her grandfather’s and father’s possessions in Dubrovnik (Ragusa). These procurae are at the same time statements about her ownership of the house, as well of the land and vineyards possessed by Hrvoje and Balša and inherited by Balša’s daughters – Katarina (the wife of Bosnian knez Tvrtko Borovinić) and Doroteja. In the first Latin document (issued on 24 March 1433), Doroteja is mentioned as the wife of Šimun Kladuški, in the second (issued on 6 May 1434) as his widow, and in the third (of 7 February 1439) as the wife of Ivaniš (Ivan) Brezovički. It has been established that the Cyrillic letter, hitherto imprecisely dated to 1434 based on an accompanying note, was almost certainly issued on 19 April 1433, and went in pair with the first Cathedral Chapter document from March 1433. Based on newly found sources, the views of earlier historians have been supplemented and corrected. It was found that Doroteja’s income was received, at least until the first decades of the second half of the 16th century, also by the Šubić Peranski family – descendants of her daughter Margareta Kladuška.

Keywords: Hrvoje Vukčić; Balša Hercegović; Doroteja; Šimun Kladuški; Ivaniš (Ivan) Brezovički; Hrvoje’s house in Dubrovnik; Dubrovnik (Ragusa); Cathedral Chapter of Zagreb; documents; 15th century.


Александар Крстић

Историјски институт Београд (Србија)

АКТ СРЕМСКИХ ЖУПАНИЈСКИХ ВЛАСТИ О ИСТРАЗИ ПРОТИВ ДЕСПОТА ЂОРЂА И ЈОВАНА БРАНКОВИЋА И ЊИХОВИХ ФАМИЛИЈАРА (ВРДНИК, 22. АВГУСТ 1497) 

Aleksandar Krstić

Institute of History Belgrade (Serbia)

ACT OF SREM COUNTY AUTHORITIES ABOUT THE INVESTIGATION AGAINST DESPOTS ĐORĐE AND JOVAN BRANKOVIĆ AND THEIR FAMILIARES (VRDNIK, 22 AUGUST 1497) 

Page Range: 157–179

DOI: 10.29341/IN.05.0.157179

Abstract: This paper presents a critical edition of the act of Srem county authorities of 22 August 1497 on the occasion of the complaint of Peter Geréb de Vingart, the judge royal, against Serbian despots Đorđe and Jovan Branković and their familiares. According to the complaint, Dmitar Pozob, the provisor curiae of the despots in Kelpény (Kupinik, present-day Kupinovo on the Sava river in Srem), and Damjan Belmužević, castellan of Árki (Jarak on the Sava), together with the despots’ familiares and serfs in Silbaš (present-day Sibač in Srem), Gereb’s estate, killed the son of voivode Elezke. Apart from that, together with the despots’ men and upon their order, Vuk Kolaković, the castellan of Ireg (Irig in Srem) pillaged the Árpatarlo estate (present-day town of Ruma in Srem). Responding to the order of Palatine Stephen Zápolya, the authorities of Srem County carried out an investigation, confirming the credibility of the complaint. The document is important because it contains information about the estates and officers of Serbian despots in Srem in the late 15th century, and about conflicts that the despots, like other Hungarian noblemen, had with their neighbours. It shows that despots Đorđe and Jovan entrusted the administration of their castles in Srem to Serbs. In Serbian historiography, this hitherto unpublished document has been known for more than a century, but several gross errors have been made in terms of its interpretation and dating. Among other, the castellan of Árki was wrongly specified as Damjan Velmožović. It is certain that it was an unknown member of the prominent Serbian noble family of Belmužević. This document is kept in the National Archives of Hungary in Budapest (Magyar Nemzeti Levéltár Országos Levéltára; Diplomatikai levéltár, shelf mark 20598).

Keywords: Despot Đorđe Branković; despot Jovan Branković; Dmitar Pozob; Damjan Belmužević; Vuk Kolaković; Petrus Geréb de Vingart; Irig; Jarak; Kupinik; Ruma


Прикази и критике 

Reviews 

Page Range: 183–204


Научни живот 

Scholarly Life 

Page Range: 207–220