Archive of the journal (articles and metadata)

inicijal-1-naslovnica

ИНИЦИЈАЛ. ЧАСОПИС ЗА СРЕДЊОВЕКОВНЕ СТУДИЈЕ 1 (2013)
INITIAL. A REVIEW OF MEDIEVAL STUDIES 1 (2013)


Уна Поповић

Филозофски факултет Универзитетa у Новом Саду, Одсек за филозофију (Србија)

УНУТРАШЊИ ХОРИЗОНТ СОПСТВА СВ. АВГУСТИНА: ОКРЕТ КА УНУТРАШЊОСТИ, МЕТОД И ПРОБЛЕМ САЗНАЊА 

Una Popović

Faculty of Philosophy, University of Novi Sad, Department of Philosophy (Serbia)

ST. AUGUSTINE’S INNER SELF HORIZON: THE INWARD TURN, THE METHOD AND THE PROBLEM OF KNOWLEDGE 

Page Range: 11-31

DOI: 10.29341/IN.01.0.011031

Abstract: This essay is dedicated to the analysis of the philosophical aspect of St. Augustine’s thought, in the sense that St. Augustine, besides being one of the thinkers who defined Christian thought, also figures as a redefiner of earlier philosophical thought in the new, Christian context. Through this process, themes and contents inherited from ancient philosophy were being adopted and reshaped from the Christian perspective, thereby directly refining the understanding of the Christian position itself. The analysis offered in this paper attempts to show what exactly is this Christian position and how it enables fruitful philosophical thought. Analysis is focused on Augustine’s determination of the inner self horizon, which not only represents an entirely new motif, unknown to ancient philosophy, but also provides insight into the shifting of thought towards new philosophical positions based on the Revelation. The main subjects of analysis are the inward turn, the structure of cognitive faculties of the human being, as well as the methodological aspects of this process. First, Augustine’s quest for the definition and fulfillment of his personal self is revealed as the integral part of his quest for God, both in his pre-Christian and Christian years: only out of the perspective of the inward turn can these quests be fulfilled. Then, this inward turn is more precisely and more thoroughly investigated through the analysis of the structure of human cognitive faculties, resulting in two different, yet similar inward turns, both constitutive for the foundation of the self and innovative in their methods. Finally, Augustine’s self is to be founded in its relationship with God, which is not merely ontological, but should govern every aspect of human life. As a result, the threefold structure of human cognitive faculties stands for three different modes of human existence, as well as of self-knowledge and self-determination. Therefore, Augustine’s self is presented as the place, topos of new Christian thought, which is the only possible position of thinking for a Christian and thus the new position of philosophy, as promulgated by St. Augustine.

Keywords: St. Augustine; the inward turn; self; philosophy; God; knowledge; reflection; method.


Бојан Новаковић

Завичајни музеј Никшић (Црна Гора)

КАРТА КАО ИЗВОР ЗА ПОГЛАВЉА 29−36 СПИСА DE ADMINISTRANDO IMPERIO 

Bojan Novaković

Homland Museum Nikšić (Montenegro)

THE MAP AS AN INFORMATION SOURCE FOR CHAPTERS 29–36 OF DE ADMINISTRANDO IMPERIO 

Page Range: 33-48

DOI: 10.29341/IN.01.0.033048

Abstract: The article analyses the origins of geographic information contained in chapters 29–36 of De administrando imperio, an instruction in statesmanship written by Byzantine emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus (945–959). Names given for certain Adriatic islands in chapter 29 (Καταυτρεβενώ, Σκηρδάκισσα and Ἐστιουνὴζ) are in fact all composed by merging names of different islands lying close to each other, indicating that this information was copied from a map. The same applies to the name Λοντοδóκλα from chapter 35, where we have a combination of a Slavic city name (Lug) with the name of a nearby deserted ancient city (Doclea). The mountain of Hum with two cities on it, mentioned in chapter 33, is a misconception resulting from a map reading error – Porphyrogenitus knew that the Slavic word hum means hill and interpreted the cartographic representation of the medieval principality of Hum and its two major cities as a mountain. The above examples may have their origins in different maps dating from different periods. South Slavic principalities and tribes are listed in an order that reflects their political status – those that were ruled by Serbia are placed immediately following it – with differences in that status denoted by the terms hora, horion and archontia. This order served as the basis for the division of the text into chapters, and Porphyrogenitus observed it in all his works.

Keywords: De administrando imperio; cartographic representation of South Slavic lands; merged geographic names; “christened” Serbia; “Hum Mountain”; hora; horion.


Еmmanuel Moutafov

Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Art Studies (Bulgaria)

TYPOLOGY AND SEMANTICS OF CRYPTOGRAMS AND ACROLEXA IN THE ORTHODOX EAST IN THE BYZANTINE AND POST-BYZANTINE PERIOD 

Емануел Мутафов

Бугарска академија наука, Институт за историју уметности (Бугарска)

ТИПОЛОГИЈА И СЕМАНТИКА КРИПТОГРАМА И АКРОЛЕКСА НА ПРАВОСЛАВНОМ ИСТОКУ У ВИЗАНТИЈСКОЈ И ПОСТ-ВИЗАНТИЈСКОЈ ЕПОХИ 

Page Range: 49-75

DOI: 10.29341/IN.01.0.049075

Abstract: As a matter of academic convention, combinations of Greek, Old Bulgarian and Latin letters found on various, mostly religious objects are called cryptograms. Lying somewhere between philology, art and medieval para-ecclesiastic culture, cryptograms have remained outside clearly defined fields of research. As a result, no attempt has been made to systematically decipher, analyze and publish them. This article is composed of three main sections. The first discusses where and when cryptograms and acrolexa occur (personal use objects, iconography, monumental decoration, manuscripts and old-print books, fortifications, sepulchral and on-throne crosses, coffins, etc). The second is dedicated to the typology of cryptograms and acronyms based on semantic principles, classify-ing them by functions, such as apotropaic, soteriological, eschatological, eucharistic, invocational, mediative, therapeutic, etc. The third section explores whether cryptograms have the role of apotropaic iconographic symbols and proposes mechanisms for reading them.

Keywords: typology; semantics; cryptograms; acronyms; Eastern Orthodoxy; Byzantium; Middle Ages.


Марија Васиљевић

Филозофски факултет Универзитета у Београду, Одељење за историју (Србија)

ПОМЕНИ ПРЕДАКА У ПОВЕЉАМА НЕМАЊИЋА И ЛЕГИТИМИЗАЦИЈА ВЛАСТИ 

Marija Vasiljević

Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Department of History (Serbia)

MENTIONS OF ANCESTORS IN NEMANJIĆ CHARTERS AND LEGITIMIZATION OF POWER 

Page Range: 77–96

DOI: 10.29341/IN.01.0.077096

Abstract: Mentions of ancestors in the charters of Serbian medieval rulers from the Nemanjić dynasty often bear an ideological note illustrating one of the key requirements of medieval government – the need to legitimize a ruler’s hold on power or, in other words, to recognize newly acquired ruling authority as legal. Analysis of these ideological mentions of ancestors has uncovered three patterns of their usage, based on the manner in which the ancestral motif is used and the degree of legitimization it achieves. The first pattern consists of mentions found in autobiographical excerpts placed in the preambles (arengae) of solemn charters recording donations to ecclesiastical institutions. In situations when his right to power is disputable, the current ruler speaks of his accession to the throne, creating a context in which he can be represented as a legitimate heir. This pattern was present in the documents of rulers whose right to the throne was questioned since the beginning of their reign – Stefan the Firstcrowned, Stefan Dečanski and Stefan Dušan. The second pattern concentrates on the mentions of ancestors as saints. This pattern’s potential for legitimization is most notably exploited in the rulers’ intitulations. Mentions of this type are often followed by the beata stirps motif which was initially linked to the metaphor of the tree of Jesse. This pattern is present in the documents of Nemanjić rulers since the time of the canonization of the dynasty’s founder, Stefan Nemanja, and its frequency testifies to the suitability of such mentions for legitimization of power. The last pattern comprises participation of the holy ancestors in government. At first, the ancestors participate in government through their mention in the sanctions of royal charters as protectors of the current ruler’s donations along with God, the Virgin, and some of the greatest Christian saints. Later, they are shown as helping the ruler in conquests or succession to the throne through their prayers. This pattern was developed during the reign of king Мilutin, at a time of severe internal conflicts. Widespread presence and constant innovation of ancestral mentions indicate that they had an important role presenting the rulers to the readers and users of their documents. Additionally, the variety of the types of mentions implies that the diplomatic image of the ruler was adjusted to the current political situation. It was of crucial importance in the tumult of frequent dynastic confrontations, which strongly encouraged the use of every available instrument to demonstrate a ruler’s legitimacy.

Keywords: Nemanjić dynasty; legitimacy of power; holy ancestors; charters; Middle Ages; 12th–14th century; royal ideology.


Krešimir Regan

Leksikografski zavod Miroslav Krleža (Hrvatska)

“BOŽJE UTVRDE” KRALJEVINE SLAVONIJE 

Krešimir Regan

The Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography (Croatia)

“GOD’S FORTRESSES” OF THE KINGDOM OF SLAVONIA 

Page Range: 97–114

DOI: 10.29341/IN.01.0.097114

Abstract: Since the middle of the 13th until the end of the 16th century, numerous defensive structures were erected on the territory of the Kingdom of Slavonia (by the roads, on mountain slopes and ridges, near river crossings). Among the most active builders were members of the clergy of the Bishopric of Zagreb (the Bishop of Zagreb, the chapter of Zagreb, the chapter of Čazma, the chapter of Vaškan), Catholic monastic orders (Benedictines, Paulines) and Catholic military orders (Templars, Hospitalers, Sepulchrales), who erected a number of burghs, fortified settlements, convents and churches, as well as many renaissance castles and fortresses, in order to protect their own vast domains. This article intends not just to elaborate the historical and archeological topography of these defensive structures, but also to show their peculiarities when compared to other types of fortifications of the age. Therefore, all sorts of defensive structures, their time of origin and spatial disposition are presented, with special emphasis on their significance in the shaping and development of Croatian and Central European cultural heritage. Although historical sources mention far more “God’s fortresses”, this paper deals with 37 such edifices, including both those wholly or partially preserved as well as those whose appearance could be reconstructed with the help of old drawings or photographs.

Keywords: fort; Kingdom of Slavonia; Bishopric of Zagreb; burgh; fortified settlement; renaissance castle; renaissance fortress.


Nebojša Porčić

Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Department of History (Serbia)

PEACE NEGOTIATIONS BETWEEN SERBIA AND DUBROVNIK IN 1301–1302: A CASE STUDY IN MEDIEVAL DIPLOMACY 

Небојша Порчић

Филозофски факултет Универзитета у Београду, Одељење за историју (Србија)

МИРОВНИ ПРЕГОВОРИ ИЗМЕЂУ СРБИЈЕ И ДУБРОВНИКА 1301–1302. ГОДИНЕ: ПРИМЕР ЗА ПРОУЧАВАЊЕ СРЕДЊОВЕКОВНЕ ДИПЛОМАТИЈЕ 

Page Range: 115–135

DOI: 10.29341/IN.01.0.115135

Abstract: A brief but fierce conflict waged in 1301 between king Stefan Uroš II Milutin of Serbia and the maritime city of Dubrovnik ended in peace negotiations that lasted over one year (August 1301–September 1302), involving also the Venetian Republic as Dubrovnik’s overlord. Well-covered by source material, this long and dynamic diplomatic process enables the study of various aspects of diplomatic activity within the framework of both basic types of medieval political organization – the feudal monarchy and the republican city-state. Topics treated here include foreign policy decision-making, choice of envoys and organization of embassies, diplomatic gifts, negotiation procedures, use of mediation, trade embargoes and hostages, treaty documents, and diplomatic skill.

Keywords: Serbia; Dubrovnik; Venice; medieval diplomacy; envoys; mediation; hostages; treaties; diplomatic skill.


Esad Kurtović

Filozofski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Odsjek za historiju (Bosna i Hercegovina)

MAGARCI U DUBROVAČKOM ZALEĐU 

Esad Kurtović

Faculty of Philosophy, University of Sarajevo, Department of History (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

DONKEYS IN THE RAGUSAN HINTERLAND 

Page Range: 137–159

DOI: 10.29341/IN.01.0.137159

Abstract: The donkey is a useful domestic animal which had an important role in the history of the Eastern Adriatic coast. This is especially true in the case of the narrow coastal strip of land with a specific climate and vegetation in which the donkey represented the most cost-efficient and sustainable cattle used for transport and carrying of loads. The gathered data shows that the breeding of donkeys and working with them was present on the wider Ragusan area and the immediate Slav hinterland which surrounded the Ragusan state from land, i.e. on the territories of Popovo, Ljubinje, Nevesinje, Konavle, Trebinje, Lug and Dračevica. The need for donkeys in this area is best demonstrated by the fact that they occupied a significant place on the Ragusan market among the cattle which was being traded at the time. The price of a good donkey was in the range between 5 and 6 hyperpers of Ragusan dinars. The more expensive donkeys could reach the price of 8 hyperpers, but these cases were rare. The price of cheap donkeys is in the range between 2 and 4 hyperpers. Beside other cattle, the Ragusans also gave donkeys to Slavs in the hinterland for keeping and working by means of a contract which implied mutual benefit for the breeder and owner of the cattle (sozida). The common position of donkeys in transport is illustrated by robberies of donkeys. Apart from stealing, donkeys were sometimes victims of bloody attacks as well. The presented examples show that the donkey was also at this time a source of ridicule and mutual disrespect for people.

Keywords: donkey; Ragusa (Dubrovnik); Ragusan hinterland.


Александар Крстић

Историјски институт Београд (Србија)

НОВИ ПОДАЦИ О ВОЈВОДИ МИЛОШУ БЕЛМУЖЕВИЋУ И ЊЕГОВОЈ ПОРОДИЦИ 

Aleksandar Krstić

Institute of History Belgrade (Serbia)

NEW DATA ABOUT VOIVODE МILOŠ BЕLMUŽEVIĆ AND HIS FAMILY 

Page Range: 161–185

DOI: 10.29341/IN.01.0.161185

Abstract: Voivode Miloš Belmužević was a significant figure in 15th century Serbian history. He was born to a noble family, whose members performed admi-nistrative duties in Zeta and northern Serbia during the reign of despot Đurađ Branković (1427–1456). He is usualy considered as identical to voivode Miloš, the despot’s last commander in Zeta prior to the Ottoman conquest (1452–1456). This identification is questionable, because the mother of Miloš Belmužević was still alive in 1503. Shortly before the downfall of the Serbian medieval state, Belmužević supported the pro-Ottoman faction of Michael Angelović. Due to this fact, he fell into disgrace at the court and was deprived of his property in 1458. After the fall of Smederevo (1459) he entered into Ottoman military service and became the sipahi. Despite some wavering (in 1464 he sought refuge in Dubrovnik), he was still in Ottoman service in 1476/7, when he held Jagodina in the Morava valley as a timar. He moved to Hungary most probably during the great Hungarian offensives against the Ottomans in northern Serbia in 1480 and 1481, when tens of thousands of Serbs were taken across the Sava and the Danube and settled in southern Hungary. After moving to Hungary, Belmužević fought the Ottomans along the border, but also on other battlefields, as the commander of a large detachment of light cavalry – hussars. He was wounded serving king Matthias Corvinus (1458–1490) in Silesia, but the time and circumstances under which that happened are unknown. He distinguished himself during the wars of king Wladislas II Jagello (1490–1516) against Maximilian Habsburg and Jan Albrecht in western and northern Hungary (1490–1491). For his loyal service and military merits, Belmužević was rewarded by king Matthias in several occasions, starting from 1483, with estates in Temes, Csanád and Bács counties. It is after one of these estates that he was given the noble apellation “de Saswar”. In 1496, king Wladislas II confirmed to Miloš Belmužević and his sons Vuk and Marko the earlier donations of Matthias Corvinus. Vuk was presumably named after his grandfather, the de-spot’s nobleman Vuk Belmužević. However, voivode lost both of his sons in the next few years: Marko died under unknown circumstances before 1498, while Vuk was killed in battle against the Ottomans. This occurred on Easter, most probably in 1499 or 1500, during an Ottoman incursion into the territory of southern Hungary. In this conflict voivode Miloš was also wounded. Later, in order to avenge his son, he ravaged the surroundings of Smederevo. Left without a male heir, Belmužević got permission from king Wladislas II to leave his estate to his mother Olivera (until now, it was mistakenly believed that this was the name of his wife), his wife Veronica and his underage daughter Milica.

Keywords: Miloš Belmužević; voivode; Christian sipahi; Jagodina; will; Matthias Corvinus; Wladislas II Jagello; Jakšić family; Bođani; Bezdin.


Радмило Пекић

Филозофски факултет Универзитета у Приштини, Катедра за историју (Србија)

ЛОРЕНЦО МИНИЈАТИ – ТАЈНИ АГЕНТ У ДУБРОВНИКУ (1542–1567): ПРЕМА ПОДАЦИМА ИЗ ДУБРОВАЧКОГ АРХИВА 

Radmilo Pekić

Faculty of Philosophy, University of Priština, Department of History (Serbia)

LORENZO MINIATI – А SECRЕT AGENT IN DUBROVNIK (1542–1567): ACCORDING TO DATA FROM THE RAGUSAN ARCHIVES 

Page Range: 187–203

DOI: 10.29341/IN.01.0.187203

Abstract: Florentine Lorenzo Miniati, mentioned in the famous conspiratory letters of Ragusan playwright Marin Držić, was active in Dubrovnik for about two and a half decades. From the 1540s up until 1567, he attained prominence as a successful merchant, dealing in various goods: grain, salt, metals, cloth, wool, raw material for dyeing (crvac – chermisium, grana), hides and other items. In his financial transactions, Miniati used both credit and bills of exchange. He issued insurance for transported goods at his own risk, but also as an intermediary on behalf of other merchants. After some time, he was appointed Florentine consul in Dubrovnik. In addition to his activities as merchant and consul, Miniati also operated as a secret agent under false identity. He sent confidential information from Dubrovnik to various addresses. Aware of the danger he was exposed to, he anticipated his own death and, although a relatively young and healthy man, personally wrote his will on the island of Korčula. Soon after, his life ended in a tragic way. Finally, it must be emphasized that this paper does not provide a full account of Miniati’s life and activities, as there is much information about him in Italian, Spanish and other archives.

Keywords: Lorenzo Miniati; Dubrovnik (Ragusa); trade; consul; secret agent; testament.


Моника Милосављевић

Филозофски факултет Универзитета у Београду, Одељење за археологију (Србија)

БЕЛЕШКЕ СА МАРГИНЕ: ЗНАЧАЈ МИХАИЛА ВАЛТРОВИЋА ЗА ПРОУЧАВАЊЕ СРЕДЊОВЕКОВНИХ СТАРИНА У СРБИЈИ 

Monika Milosavljević

Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Department of Archaeology (Serbia)

NOTES FROM THE MARGIN: THE SIGNIFICANCE OF MIHAILO VALTROVIĆ FOR THE STUDY OF MEDIEVAL ANTIQUITIES IN SERBIA 

Page Range: 205–226

DOI: 10.29341/IN.01.0.205226

Abstract: The study of medieval archaeology in Serbia before the Second World War was to the greatest extent defined by Miloje M. Vasić. Certain contributions for drawing attention to medieval antiquities – at the institutional beginnings of the archaeological discipline – can be attributed to Mihailo Valtrović as well. Under the assumption that marginal and unquestionable knowledge lingers in the epistemological bases that are used for studying the past, the article tackles theoretical foundations in Valtrović’s interpretations of the medieval monuments. This study is relevant for understanding the mechanisms of how the knowledge of medieval art has been introduced and transferred, which is a part of common history of the archaeology and the history of art. Valtrović’s conceptual heritage indicates the role of archaeology in the formulation of national identity on the medieval bases in the 19th century and to the strong misuses that occurred through repetition of those methods in the contemporary contexts.

Keywords: history of archeology; medieval archeology; art; nationalism; disciplinary boundaries; Mihailo Valtrović.


Драгић М. Живојиновић

Историјски институт Београд (Србија)

ХОРИЗМА БУГАРСКОГ ЦАРА ЈОВАНА АСЕНА II ДУБРОВНИКУ 

Dragić M. Živojinović

Institute of History Belgrade (Serbia)

HORISMOS OF BULGARIAN TSAR JOHN ASEN II FOR RAGUSA 

Page Range: 229–239

DOI: 10.29341/IN.01.0.229239

Abstract: The article contains the edition, translation, commentary and photograph of the horismos of Bulgarian ruler John Asen II (1218–1241) for the city of Ragusa (Dubrovnik), in which rights and privileges of merchants from this maritime commune are being guaranteed in all the regions under the Tsarʼs rule. Based on the list of regions mentioned as belonging to the Bulgarian Empire, it can be concluded that the document must have originated after 9 March 1230, the date of the battle of Klokotnica, when Asenʼs state was considerably extended towards the south and southwest at the expense of the defeated emperor of Thessaloniki, Theodor Doukas Komnenos Angelos. It is highly probable that the agile-minded businessmen of Ragusa were quick to grasp the changed political reality and didn’t wait long to obtain commercial privileges for their community from the newly inaugurated most powerful ruler of Southeast Europe.

John Asen II; Second Bulgarian Empire; Ragusa (Dubrovnik); horismos; 13th century; year 1230; hora (region); Klokotnica; edition and commentary.


Жарко Вујошевић

Филозофски факултет Универзитета у Београду, Одељење за историју (Србија)

АРХИЉЕВИЧКА ХРИСОВУЉА ЦАРА СТЕФАНА ДУШАНА 

Žarko Vujošević

Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade, Department of History (Serbia)

THE ARHILJEVICA CHRYSOBULL OF EMPEROR STEPHEN DUŠAN 

Page Range: 241–254

DOI: 10.29341/IN.01.0.241254

Abstract: The church of the Presentation of the Virgin Mary in the former village of Arhiljevica on the slopes of Skopska Crna Gora was founded by sebastokrator Dejan, a prominent noble of Serbian emperor Dušan, who granted Dejan a chrysobull in which the manorial boundaries of the foundation were defined. Since possession of the Arhiljevica manor (metochion) was transferred to the Serbian Athonite monastery of Hilandar by the charter of Eudokia and Constantine Dragaš from the year 1378/79, Dušan’s chrysobull to Dejan is preserved in the archives of Hilandar in the form of two documents: the elder one marked Hil. 36, and the more recent Hil. 150/152. Both are transcripts made in Hilandar – the elder one was copied from the original and later served as the model for the more recent copy. The first document, whose first full publication is offered in this paper, was made at the time when the church of Arhiljevica was donated to Hilandar. In the bottom of the document two later entries recording legal transactions can be found: the first is from the late 14th and the second probably from the early 15th century. In terms of diplomatic status, Hil. 36 is an authentic transcript, but its dating (Skoplje, 10 August 1354) is questionable, because it contradicts historical circumstances known from other reliable sources (e.g. the mention of Sava as patriarch before he was elevated to that position, the fact that the emperor was far away from Skoplje at the time in question). Therefore, the date when the lost original of Dušanʼs chrysobull for the church of Arhiljevica was issued can only be approximated as 1354 or 1355, based on examination of the diplomatic elements of Hil. 36 and the historical and legal context of its contents. Hil. 150/152 differs from its predecessor in the dispositional section, containing two previously unmentioned villages that do not appear even in the Dragaš charter of 1378/79. This doctored transcript, which is of secondary importance for the reconstruction of the original, was made in the 15th century or later with the intent of obtaining or confirming the enlargement of Hilandar’s Arhiljevica metochion.

Keywords: Emperor Stephen Dušan; sebastokrator Dejan; church of Arhiljevica; Hilandar monastery; chrysobull; edition and commentary.


Александар Јаковљевић

Невен Исаиловић

Историјски институт Београд (Србија)

ПОПИС НАХИЈЕ ПЕТРОВО ПОЉЕ ИЗ 1574. ГОДИНЕ 

Aleksandar Jakovljević

Neven Isailović

Institute of History Belgrade (Serbia)

THE CENSUS OF THE PETROVO POLJE NÂHIYE FROM 1574 

Page Range: 255–290

DOI: 10.29341/IN.01.0.255290

Abstract: This paper offers a critical edition (including text, translation and facsimile) of the census of the Petrovo polje nahiye from 1574. After the Turkish conquest (c. 1522), this nahiye was originally part of the vilayet of Croatia (Vilâyet-i Hırvat) in the Sanjak of Bosnia, but since the 1540s it belonged to the Sanjak of Klis. The census is an extract from the 1574 Extensive defter of the Sanjak of Klis, in which, for the first time since the fall of these areas under Ottoman rule, complete data on all settlements, including the fortresses and towns, was accumulated. Unfortunately, the data on the fortress and town of Drniš located in Petrovo polje is missing. The edition also provides identification of toponyms, a guide to terminology, comparison with the data from other defters covering the same region, and additional notes where they were needed. Until the end of the 16th century, Petrovo polje was inhabited almost exclusively by people of vlach status, and population density was relatively good. Christian population was dominant in this nahiye, although the process of islamization can be noted in most of its villages.

Keywords: census; defters; nahiye; the Ottoman Empire; Petrovo polje; Croatia; Dalmatia; 16th century; vlachs; islamization.


Прикази и критике 

Reviews 

Page Range: 293–305


Научни живот 

Scholarly Life 

Page Range: 309–330


Приређивачке норме и препоруке 

Editorial Norms and Recommendations 

Page Range: 333–348